To make a valid claim of unlawful discrimination, each 'issue' must be link to a 'basis' or 'bases.' If the bases are not articulated, your allegations will be dismissed for lack of jurisdiction. If the issues are not articulated, your allegations will be dismissed for 'failure to state a claim.' The date of the issue will determine the timeliness or untimeliness of your complaint.
"Issues" or "Acts of Harm": warning, reprimand, suspension, termination, removal, harassment, denied accommodation, denied promotion or hire, denied training, unequal wages, unequal monitoring, unfair evaluation, denied or unequal bonus, denied achievement award, unequal terms and conditions of employment, forced resignation, forced retirement, constructive discharge, forced transfer or detailing, etc. (See "constructive discharge" and removal in a "mixed case.")
Example: If you say: 'The issue in my case is discrimination,' you have not said anything. You must say: 'I have been terminated or suspended or paid less based on my age/race/sex/etc.' in order to properly articulate your case. Many allegations have been dismissed for 'failure to state a claim.'
When alleging harassment, you must identify each act of harassment by date, person, specific acts or words, and the circumstance. 'The devil is in the detail' when it comes to harassment allegations.Allegations such as 'I was harassed' means nothing unless you state how, when, where, and by whom.
"Bases" or the "Protected Classes": race, sex, age (40+), disability (ADA definition), color, ancestry, religion, ethnicity, national origin, and retaliation or reprisal.
Example: If you say: 'I was terminated based on discrimination,' you have not alleged any discrimination yet. You must say, 'I was terminated based on my race or age,' in order to make a valid discrimination claim.
Please link a date to each act of harm. A fact must happen on a certain date; otherwise, it is not a fact. Please be specific: specify name and job title of the person you are referring in your complaint. Do not write a complaint like a novel. No one wants to read a lengthy narrative. When filing a claim, state the issues and bases clearly and succinctly. You don't need to explain everything at this point other than to say that these acts of harm occurred to you because of your race/sex/age/prior EEO filing/etc. on a certain date and by a certain person.
Discrimination complaint almost always must contain the comparisons, the similarly situated individuals under the same supervisor who did (or failed to do) as you did (or failed to do) but were not harmed (or disciplined) as you were. Identify their class: race, age, sex, any known disability, any history of EEO activity, etc.
Discrimination Based on a Place of Origin vs. Discrimination Based on a National Origin Group:
If you are born in the United States and have Hispanic ethnic or cultural ancestry, do not claim National Origin (Hispanic) as the basis of discrimination but claim National Origin Group (Hispanic) or, better, Ethnicity (Hispanic) or Ancestry (Hispanic). Because 1) you are not a foreigner. Your national origin is USA. You are not discriminated against based on a place of origin or birth. Rather, you are discriminated against based on your Hispanic ethnicity, ancestry, or heritage. 2) EEOC ruled that as a 'national origin group' you can be unlawfully discriminated against based on your ethnicity or physical, linguistic, or cultural traits. As such, American Indians, for another example, can claim a 'national origin group' discrimination as well as any Americans whose parents or grand parents came from South or Central America or from Canada, for that matter, or anyone with Spanish accent. See EEOC Compliance Manual, Section 13: National Origin Discrimination: http://www.eeoc.gov/policy/docs/national-origin.html#II.